Parents tend to be an anxious breed and the literature on parenting styles has grown in proportion to people’s interest in the subject. Baumrind identified 4 different styles of parenting:
The phenomenon of the helicopter parent has been around since the 1990’s and was a trem first coined by Foster Cline and Jim Clay for the type of parent who
There is no such thing as co-parenting with a narcissist as they have no concept of teamwork or even cooperation. Perhaps the title would be more accurate if it read, “Parenting In Spite of a Narcissist”.